Separation anxiety is a problem many puppies face. Dogs, by nature, are pack animals. When you get a puppy, they were likely with their litter before coming home with you. Once they have been separated from their littermates, you become their family. Putting them in a crate is a vital part of their training, but it takes time to adjust. During this adjustment period, your puppy may whine in their crate at night. Proper crate introduction will help reduce this separation anxiety. Not allowing them to sleep in bed with you will also help. They won’t want to sleep in their crate if they know what they are missing! Try not to coddle them if they whine at night. They will learn to self soothe, and that they are safe in their new home.
Anxiety is normal for a dog who is new to your home. They are adjusting to you as their new family and your home as their new safe space. At night time, when everything is still and quiet, they may get anxious and feel they need to protect their new space. This can cause them to whine at night. Using a crate is the easiest solution to help them feel safe and settled.
Fear of the unknown is also a common reason for puppies to whine at night. They are in a new place. There are new smells and noises and this can scare a puppy. With time they will adjust and settle in.
Getting your puppy in a bathroom routine will help eliminate the chance of accidents in your house. However, many puppies cannot hold it through the night. Whining at night may indicate they need to use the bathroom. Once you establish a routine, it will be easier to tell what they need from you.
A feeding schedule is also very important in establishing your puppy’s routine. If you feed them too late, they may have an accident or need to go out in the middle of the night. If you feed them too early, they may whine at night because they are hungry.